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Non Destructive Examination (NDE)  

Radiographic Testing (RT)

Radiographic Testing, or industrial radiography, is a non-destructive examination (NDE) method of inspecting materials for hidden flaws (sub-surface / internal) by using the ability of short wavelength electromagnetic radiation (high energy photons) to penetrate various materials.

Either an X-ray machine or a radioactive source (Ir-192, Co-60, or in rare cases Cs-137) can be used as a source of photons. Neutron radiographic testing (NR) is a variant of radiographic testing which uses neutrons instead of photons to penetrate materials. This can see very different things from X-rays, because neutrons can pass with ease through lead and steel but are stopped by plastics, water and oils. A sample X-ray image is shown below:

Sample X-Ray image - padlock

Because the amount of radiation emerging from the opposite side of the material can be detected and measured, variations in this amount (or intensity) of radiation are used to determine thickness or composition of material. Penetrating radiations are those restricted to that part of the electromagnetic spectrum of wavelength less than about 10 nanometres.

 
 
   
       
                 
   

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